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Improving working conditions with blockchain

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Blockchain is more often spoken about as an external tool for businesses to help secure supply chain. In a new pilot, blockchain is to be used to help improve health and safety within the workplace – at a Levi Strauss factory.

The testing out of blockchain as an internal health and safety auditing tool is being run as a collaboration between Harvard University’s public health graduate school, U.S. think-tank New America and the U.S. denim jeans company Levi Strauss & Co. The three have declared a project to design, build and operate a blockhain-based system for health and safety at work.

The new technology will be designed to augment outside auditors of factory health and safety with a system that will allow factory workers to self-report issues of concern. The factories that will test out the technology are based in Mexico, where three manufacturing sites in total employ 5,000 workers.

Mexico’s regulations for health and safety laws are exclusively federal in content. Under this legislation employers must obey standards, maintain safety programs, maintain compliance systems, ensure proper equipment and hazardous substance control. However, the level of safety is often subject to criticism (as with the International Labor Organization), such as in terms of accident rates and occupational illnesses like respiratory diseases.

The new project is designed to provide an alternate avenue for worker health and safety to be addressed, outside of periodic audit, and the mechanism enables a U.S. based company to ensure that clothes manufactured for the U.S. market are produced under conditions that are safe for workers.

The aim of the scheme is to input an annual worker survey on the blockchain. Once inputted the company’s site-based managers will be unable to alter it, and the findings will be made available to the workforce. The findings will be available for Mexican authorities to review as well as U.S.-based Levi Strauss managers. The blockchain will be provided by ConsenSys, the blockchain company founded by Joseph Lubin, once of Ethereum.

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IoT + big data analytics = operations intelligence: An equation that draws a better picture

In the equation IoT + X = Operations Intelligence, what role does big data analytics play as the X factor?

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Global pressures to decrease energy consumption and the speed of business are accelerating the call for new ways of delivering efficiencies. 

What if a fridge could tell us that the food it stores was going to spoil in a day? What if buildings could cut down heating costs by selectively turning down the heat depending on occupancy? For a fridge to “talk” in this way, it would need a way of measuring the parameters that indicate data spoilage. The Internet of Things (IoT) delivers just that.

Case Study: Advancing Smart Manufacturing Operations Value with Industry 4.0 Platform

With IoT, everyday “things” such as refrigerators, machines, warehouses, televisions, washing machines, broadcast data about their health through outfitted chips and sensors. So large is this data deluge, that the IoT market is expected to grow at an astonishing 24.7% and reach $1111.3 billion by 2026.

Big data analytics

We need big data analytics to harvest this torrent of IoT information in useful ways. Simply spitting out data is not enough, big data analytics help companies make sense of the data and thereby deliver intelligence.

The classic definition of big data is that it presents in three “Vs”: large volumes, variety and high velocity. So the concept of big data is not new, even if this set of parameters has evolved since the early 2000s when it first took root. The introduction of IoT, however, has increased the number of sources which contribute to the data dialog. Whether or not these data points contribute to a symphony or merely create a cacophony depends on data analytics.

Case Study: Advancing Smart Manufacturing Operations Value with Industry 4.0 Platform

“Big data provides context to a world in which IoT is working,” says James Jeude, Vice-President and Practice Leader of Cognizant’s Digital AI & Analytics Strategic Initiatives Group. “As an industry we have solved the volume problem [of big data], where today’s big data really matters is that it delivers on variety. It is variety that really matters [for intelligence] at this point.” 

Take the example of a refrigerator in a grocery store. To know when the compressor is about to break, the store can measure both the refrigerator temperature and the current input. The higher the electric current flowing to a refrigerator to maintain the same temperature, the more likely it is to fail. These two indicators might be the canary in the coal mine but IoT and Big Data allow a variety of additional efficiencies. Measuring the gases emitted by the food can be a window into when the food might spoil; measuring outside temperature and humidity might tell us acceleration patterns of food spoilage. The number of times a grocery store refrigerator is opened and closed is also a useful parameter to measure.

Case Study: Advancing Smart Manufacturing Operations Value with Industry 4.0 Platform

The promise of big data analytics is that it allows a whole new range of IoT variables to participate in the conversation. 

IoT facilitates information gathering from more sources so everyone who contributes to a situation gets a hand at the table. Data analytics leverages this IoT data to deliver a more comprehensive picture of the situation. The net analysis is more nuanced and more valuable. Indeed IoT + Big Data Analytics = Valuable Intelligence. 

With IoT and big data analytics, you no longer  have to picture an elephant by merely touching its ears and tail. You can now access more touchpoints to visualize the whole animal.

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What you need to know if you’re attending AVEVA World Summit

AVEVA World Summit is where the most innovative industrial executives from around the world gather for an exclusive opportunity to network with 400 global digital leaders across diverse sectors. 

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AVEVA World Summit is where the most innovative industrial executives from around the world gather for an exclusive opportunity to network with 400 global digital leaders across diverse sectors. 

The summit is an opportunity to discover how these leaders and Cognizant — a Platinum Sponsor — are transforming the entire asset and operational lifecycle.

To help you prepare, here is a selection of articles, case studies, ebooks, and clips from Cognizant, discussing digital transformation:

  • Learn Cognizant’s 4 key success factors to Industry 4.0 transformation. For starters, lead with strategy, not the technology. Watch the video here.
  • AI, Machine Learning, and IoT are ensuring the efficacy and efficiency of one of the most demanding engineering projects in the world. Learn how Cognizant helped Norwegian offshore engineering firm Kvaerner adopt these digital technologies.
  • The promise of Industry 4.0 is compelling, but for many traditional manufacturers, the reality is less than ideal. In this new Cognizant report, find examples of manufacturers that are navigating the shift.
  • It’s all about speed: Insight from Cognizant on how 5G will transform the business sector and create a leadership race for data intelligence.
  • Not all smart factories are created equal: Cognizant takes stock of the state of IoT intelligence, and what industrial organizations need to ensure both digital maturity and success. Read more here.
  • The many touchpoints of IoT connectivity allows AI to really shine, and prove its value to manufacturers in the form of proactive preventive maintenance, says James Jeude, VP in Cognizant’s Digital AI & Analytics Strategic Consulting Group, in this piece.
  • The human factor in IoT intelligence is key: Connected employees can “dynamically manage situations as they change,” explains Cognizant’s AVP of engineering and IOT solutions Phanibhushan Sistu.
  • The leap to IoT is a necessary one for your organization. This Cognizant ebook looks at 14 such businesses that jumped confidently into the digital future.
  • It took less than 12 weeks for Cognizant to implement an IIoT platform for a leading global industrial manufacturer. Get the case study here.
  • Without the duo of IoT and the Digital Twin, your organization is living in a black-and-white outlined world, in terms of operational intelligence. Color it in, get more accurate predictions, and fully realize potential.

Aveva World Summit takes place September 16-18, at Marina Bay Sands, Singapore.  

One session to highlight? “Digital Transformation in Hybrid Industries,” featuring Cognizant’s VP of IoT and Engineering services, Frank Antonysamy. This session will examine the benefits of digital transformation, and addressing challenges through a sustainable platform that can adopt best practices, continuous improvements, and grow with the business.

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IoT + Digital Twin = Operations Intelligence: An Equation that Delivers Useful What-If Scenarios

In the equation IoT + X = Operations Intelligence, what role does a digital twin play as the X factor?

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Measure twice, cut once. This basic premise, that it would be advantageous to visualize outcomes before you act, forms the backbone of an entity known as the digital twin. This approach is particularly useful in today’s high-stakes industries such as manufacturing, construction, mining and more. Measuring twice and cutting once allows enterprises to tweak every aspect of the production process to maximize revenue.

The digital twin enables companies to envision what-if scenarios for various operating conditions in the virtual world before it affects processes in the real world. The more fully the digital twin avatar is fleshed out, the more accurate its predictions. This means enterprises need IoT (the Internet of Things) to color in the picture completely. IoT helps the digital twin realize its full potential to deliver operational intelligence. 

The promise of the digital twin

A digital twin is a replica, described by data, of physical assets, processes and systems that helps organizations understand, dissect, predict and optimize their performance. It can combine design and engineering details with operating data and analytics about anything from a single part to multiple interconnected systems to an entire manufacturing plant.

Case Study: Advancing Smart Manufacturing Operations Value with Industry 4.0 Platform

If you need to describe a physical asset (say a motor running on a shop floor) through data, you need that motor to both generate data and make that data easily accessible. This is where IoT falls into the picture: it “sensorizes” a variety of physical machines and brings them into the digital twin conversations, says Vivek Diwanji, senior director of technology at Cognizant. IoT-enabled embedded devices can then transmit data about their health under a variety of operating conditions and channelize that information through an Internet connection from shop floor to enterprise resource planning (ERP) software. 

Layered possibilities

A digital twin is about different perspectives – essentially comprised of many layers that are progressively overlaid with more detailed data input. The level of detail depends on the insights you’re looking to derive. If you need to know when a vehicle tire is going to wear-out, all you need to measure is temperature and air pressure. Long-term durability intelligence on the other hand, also needs to measure ambient conditions, daily operation numbers, road type and more.

[Download]: A New Approach to PLM

A lack of common IoT standards across industries makes the data difficult to gather, but that conversation might change with the advent of 5G, Diwanji predicts. For now, digital twin is a powerful tool that enables companies to deliver field services, conduct smart operations and evaluate product development outcomes before investing millions into the pipeline.

By 2020, 30% of Global 2000 companies will be using data from digital twins to improve product innovation success rates and organizational productivity, according to IDC. They can realize gains of close to 25%. And IoT is a key player in that equation to deliver such operational intelligence.

“Digital twin is an application that leverages IoT. The very definition of a digital twin necessitates that a digital model is running in conjunction with a physical model. That connection, between the physical and the digital, happens through IoT,” Diwanji says. “IoT is really the backbone of the digital twin.”

[Download]: Real Estate Manager Goes Digital

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