In its 2020 Connectivity Benchmark Report, MuleSoft has found that while 92% of organizations are currently undertaking digital transformation initiatives (or plan to in the next year), 85% of these are slowed by challenges related to integration.
Drawing from a survey of 800 CIOs and IT leaders (managerial or above) from global enterprises on the state of digital transformation and connectivity, the report contains similar insights to AHEAD’s report, State of Enterprise Digital Transformation 2020. Comparatively, their survey of 300 IT decision makers found that 93% of enterprises are undergoing a digital transformation of some kind, and 36% say the combination of legacy system complexity and technical debt are the biggest transformation obstacles.
“CIOs are uniquely positioned to lead their organization’s digital transformation,” explained Simon Parmett, CEO of MuleSoft, in the company’s press release. “IT leaders across all industries must be focused on creating a new operating model that accelerates the speed of delivery, increases organizational agility and delivers innovation at scale.”
“With an API-led approach, CIOs can change the clock speed of their business and emerge as the steward of a composable enterprise to democratize access to existing assets and new capabilities.”
What are the top takeaways from MuleSoft’s report?
For starters, data silos are hindering digital transformation. The pressure to transform is very real, MuleSoft found, with three out of four businesses expecting a decline in revenue if they fail to do so in the next year. Among the top challenges are data silos, with 89% of IT leaders identifying these as an obstacle to digital transformation. And while the average organization has 900 applications, only 28% are currently integrated.
Additional key takeaways include:
1- Organizations are reaping the benefits of APIs: “IT leaders are turning to APIs as the tissue that integrates their applications, systems, and data,” explains the report, and 80% of IT leaders say their organization uses public and/or private APIs.
Over half of respondents said that their organizations leverage APIs as part of their new project development process (52%) or to build new integrations (52%). The result was increased productivity and innovation, and a higher likelihood of completing all or nearly all projects.
2- IT teams with an API strategy drive greater business outcomes: 80% of organizations that have APIs also have some form of strategy in place — which ladder’s back to the previous point about APIs having a profound impact on business outcomes
Organizations with an API strategy were found to have 17.5% higher productivity, compared to those without a strategy.
3- Top-down API strategies are the most effective: While 12% of organizations have a leadership-mandated strategy, these were found to be 36% more productive than those that adopt other API strategies. They also completed 67% more projects than those with a bottom-up strategy.
“One surprising benefit of leadership-mandated API strategies,” the report reads, “is the ability to expand integration skills to teams outside of IT, thereby enabling non-technical “citizen” integrators across the organization.”
COVID has accelerated digital transformation, but major hurdles still stand in the way
While 74% of executives believe they’ve been helping their employees upskill for this new way of working, just 38% of employees surveyed agree.
It’s been widely reported that the COVID-19 pandemic has accelerated digital transformation efforts across most industries.
Organizations have had to move fast. From the scramble to get work-from-home measures in place once the virus really started to spread back in March, to retailers quickly shifting everything from customer service to e-commerce to digital, the word agile has been top-of-mind. Adoption of technologies like AI, automation, and the cloud has flourished so that organizations could meet these demands.
We’ve covered pandemic-related/adjacent DX efforts in sales, cybersecurity, retail, manufacturing, digital communications, and those of Indigenous communities. One KPMG survey from August reported that “59% technology executives surveyed say that COVID-19 has created an impetus to accelerate digital transformation initiatives.”
A new IBM study of 3,800 global C-suite executives in 20 countries and 22 industries — titled COVID-19 and the Future of Business — found that nearly six in ten respondents have accelerated their digital transformations due to the pandemic. 66% reported completion of initiatives that previously faced resistance.
The study goes deeper, looking at what these leaders need to do to keep on track with these now-inevitable DX efforts.
Barriers to progress
With agility and speed being so important, it’s of little surprise that leaders reported “traditional and perceived barriers like technology immaturity and employee opposition to change” were no longer in play.
If there’s one thing that became painfully clear to many companies throughout the #pandemic, it’s that the old way of working is over.
— IBM Institute for Business Value (@IBMIBV) September 30, 2020
At issue? “This sense of urgency needs to carry over to any company’s most valuable assets—its people—as the users of that technology,” explains Mark Foster, Senior Vice President of IBM Services.
“We found that even as companies have rushed to adopt the technologies necessary not only to survive but thrive as business enterprises, too many of their employees feel stressed and even overwhelmed,” he elaborates.
Executives are well aware of this: “They reported that employee burnout, inadequate skills and organizational complexity are their biggest hurdles to progress today and in the next two years.”
The problem is that there is a disconnect between what leaders say they are doing and what employees report.
For example, the report found that:
- 74% of executives surveyed believe they have been helping their employees learn the skills needed to work in a new way, just 38% of employees surveyed agree.
- 80% of executives surveyed say that they are supporting the physical and emotional health of their workforce, while just 46% of employees surveyed feel that support.
“It’s one thing to nimbly retool and modernize the workplace,” wrote Foster. “It’s quite another proposition to expect workers to quickly adjust to the upheaval in their lives and livelihoods.”
Steps towards ‘surviving and thriving’
The study concluded that there are three steps leaders and organizations are taking:
- “Improving operational scalability and flexibility”
- 94% of executives are planning for platform-based business models by 2022, as well as “a 20 percentage point increase in prioritization of cloud technology in the next two years.”
- “Applying AI, automation and other exponential technologies to help make workflows more intelligent”
- AI will be a major priority
- 60% say they have accelerated process automation
- 76% plan to prioritize cybersecurity
- “Leading, engaging and enabling the workforce in new ways”
- Simply put, people should be first. The regular workday and office is gone, and stress and uncertainty are high. “Employees now expect that their employers will take an active role in supporting their physical and emotional health as well as the skills they need to work in new ways.”
- According to IBM’s recommendation, “empathetic leaders who encourage personal accountability and support employees to work in self-directed squads that apply design thinking, Agile principles and DevOps tools and techniques can be beneficial.”
5 types of leaders who can get in the way
From the saboteur to the capacity monster, these personalities can hurt grassroots support for your digital transformation.
Successful digital transformations require support from almost everyone in the company and in particular, from other leaders. You can have the best playbook ever produced, but it won’t matter, if you still lack that leadership support.
Leaders are so critical because they influence the attitudes and perceptions of the people on their teams. When they resist the change, their people will resist – and that paves a long and difficult road for the transformation. If they’re excited about the transformation, their support enhances your efforts and builds the momentum you need to succeed.
CIOs who navigate their colleagues’ different leadership styles and give the struggling leader what they need, without compromising the core goals of the transformation, will clear the path to a successful transformation.
In practice, we see five types of leaders who can stand in the way. Navigate their personalities and push back to move the transformation forward and (hopefully) bring them along with you.
Every good spy movie includes a saboteur. Saboteurs appear to be on the team, which gives them access to information: But in reality, they work to subvert good efforts by collaborating with the villain. The hero of the movie eventually finds them out and “eliminates” them.
Identifying the saboteur and guiding them to support the mission requires more finesse in the real world. They resist behind the scenes, in conversations with the people they lead, and in everyday decisions. However they appear supportive in conversations with you.
To spot them, do some sensing in their organizations. Leaders reproduce their attitudes in their organizations and saboteurs betray themselves through their team(s). While you do your sensing, ensure you remain respectful and avoid becoming a saboteur yourself when discussing the situation with people on their team.
Be mindful that not every saboteur sabotages intentionally. They may not realize their own resistance and certainly, most lack malice. However they still resist the effort. Your mission: Discover why they resist and eliminate that challenge for them.
HiPPO stands for “Highest Paid Person with an Opinion.” HiPPOs share their opinion with anyone willing to listen. They announce it in lead team meetings and they declare it to their team. Each moment offers an opportunity to actively resist transformation efforts.
Identifying a HiPPO is easy. They know they resist and probably already told you 10 frustrating aspects of the transformation that are “wrong” or “doomed to fail.” However they create collateral damage for the transformation very quickly, so get ahead of them as soon as you see one coming.
HiPPOs may be intimidating, but winning them over is often critical to your efforts. To resolve their concerns, sit down with them in a one-to-one meeting with an intent to learn. They probably have valid concerns and adjusting your transformation strategy to alleviate those concerns will not only win their support, it will strengthen your transformation strategy.
One other reason to win a HiPPO’s support for the effort: HiPPOs who support the effort can evangelize the transformation effort. In fact, winning the support of a HiPPO in early stages bolsters support for the rest of the transformation.
Remember Eeyore from “Winnie the Pooh?” The pessimistic donkey dragged his feet on adventures and shuddered with fear during storms. Change scares him simply because it means something will be different.
Your digital transformation requires changes that frighten the tail off Eeyore. You stand in front of the room excitedly casting vision while they sit in the corner making a list of reasons the transformation will fail. At the top of that list? “It’s different than how we do it today.”
If Eeyore’s people are onboard, you can maintain the course. However, if they remain reticent, you need to win them over directly or win Eeyore’s support, which will help secure everyone’s buy-in.
Winning the support of an Eeyore requires empathy. As an IT leader, change drives your entire world and you adjust quite easily. However, Eeyore sees the flood of new information coming at them and turns away in fear. Spending time viewing the world from their standpoint and feeling the pressure and fear they feel provides perspective to ensure you capture important details, while showing Eeyore you care about their ability to make the change.
In reality, Eeyore rarely derails a transformation because everyone already knows they lag behind, which sadly causes their opinion to be dismissed by others more easily.
The Lukewarm Buzzkill
Some leaders (even visionaries) cannot see the vision you cast for them. You stand in front of the room, cast vision for the transformation (you nail it!) and everyone is onboard, except one person who just doesn’t seem to get it. They’re lukewarm at best and they can drain the excitement from the room.
You can spot a Lukewarm Buzzkill by their lack of support. In normal circumstances, they voice support and cast their own vision for new initiatives. In this case, they disengage or they quietly wait for more information because they’ve heard the buzzwords and they’ve heard the theory, but it’s not real to them. They’re not afraid of change. They just can’t see where you’re headed. Gain their support and you get a teammate that naturally casts vision to everyone around them.
To help them, change the way you communicate. Instead of using charts and diagrams, make it tangible for them. They must see it to grab hold of it and become ardent supporters. Consider enrolling a designer to bring the transformation to life (app mockups, tool designs, etc).
A note of caution: When you show how an app might work or what the new customer interaction will look like, you create a risk. If they disagree with your theoretical execution, you create an uphill battle for yourself. To mitigate the risk, tell them the mockups represent ideas and then invite them into the brainstorming and more fully enroll them in the transformation process.
The Capacity Monster
Some leaders and their organizations lack capacity to play a key role in the transformation.
When you ask for their help these “capacity monsters” push back, talking about other priorities. Sometimes those priorities represent an unwillingness to change, in which case you need to address them as an Eeyore. Other times, those priorities build the business, and respecting them produces better business results.
When their reasons are truly mission-critical, win their support by investing transformation efforts more heavily in their direction. Consider addressing their current bottlenecks or finding tangential opportunities to help them create capacity. Either way, give them support in their mission-critical work.
While you’re helping them, strive to over-deliver and develop a case study. Eliminating their bottlenecks and helping their high-profile work succeed gives you an easy success to share, which can win support from other leaders for the transformation.
Enrolling these five types of leaders builds a critical front for pushing the transformation forward. Doing it well multiplies your efforts across the entire organization, enrolling not just the leaders, but the people they influence. When you do that, the entire company will soon be bought-into the transformation, setting it up for success and building the organization’s capacity to tackle future change efforts more eagerly.
This article originally appeared on The Enterprisers Project under the headline: Digital transformation: 5 types of leaders who can get in the way. It is republished here with permission.
Mary Anne Moser aiming to put Calgary Science Centre in global top 10
Mary Anne Moser is passionate about creating experiences that make science accessible to mainstream audiences.
Mary Anne Moser is passionate about creating experiences that make science accessible to mainstream audiences. As President and CEO of TELUS Spark Science Centre, Moser is leading Spark’s rejuvenation and her vision is to compete with science centres on a global scale.
[LISTEN IN AT 1:27] “[Spark] has a reputation for being a gym among families in Calgary,” Moser told CollisionsYYC host Tyler Chisholm in a recent interview. “I took the job about a year ago to see if we can expand the audience and really help Spark be more relevant to what Calgary wants to do as a city [and its] innovation agenda.”
To get there, Spark has big plans. In its roadmap for the 2020s, the organization lays out an ambitious plan to become one of the 10 most-worth-visiting science centres in the world by 2025.
Spark has set itself up as both a destination and an organization that seeks a constant infusion of new ideas in order to thrive in an environment of continuous change. In addition to engaging adult audiences, the organization also aims to support the creation of new ventures, jobs and economic opportunities.
Perhaps not what one would expect of a science center.
Raising the bar
As Moser and Chisholm discuss early on in the CollisionsYYC podcast, Calgary remains an under-the-radar destination for tourism and commerce. One of Spark’s goals is to build a facility that’s by Calgarians for Calgarians, as well as a world-class attraction.
Moser has done it before.
In 2013, Moser and science broadcaster Jay Ingram co-founded Beakerhead, a registered charity that works to advance education at the crossroads of art, science and engineering. Beakerhead runs annual education programs and a fall festival named Spectacle that ranked 12th on Bizbash’s Top 100 Events in Canada list in 2019.
Moser says that in order for Spark to “do the heavy lifting that it needs to do for Calgary” and contribute to the city’s economic transformation, the science centre must draw in tourists.
“It’s that tension between being perfect for here and only doable here, and relevant for anywhere on that kind of global scale.”
[LISTEN IN AT 11:04]
The vision to be world-class takes a lot of work and collaboration. Moser believes direct feedback and the attitude of raising the bar would help Calgary’s science and tech communities contribute to a positive future for the city.
“I think setting expectations and holding each other up to them is really important,” said Moser. “If we just cheerlead each other and say, ‘That’s awesome,’ but really, it’s not that awesome, it doesn’t help anyone.”
Honest feedback – coupled with an openness to receiving that feedback – will push standards higher for everyone and help Calgary compete in a global context, says Moser. “It means, when you’re talking to each other, looking behind you and seeing whether or not this would hold up in a global context. It’s so easy to be talking to ourselves but is it a conversation that’s interesting on a global scale?”
Creating space for collisions
The pandemic has thrown up a few roadblocks, but Moser believes it has also shown that Spark is on the right track.
[LISTEN IN AT 4.26]“It’s amplified the need to do what we need to do,” she said. “They say if you start a business when times are really tough, you build a super-strong foundation. For the mandate that I feel like I’ve been given, it’s a test to do what we need to do now in this environment. Failure is not an option, and so it will be that much stronger.”
Strength comes from collaboration, and Spark’s role in the innovation ecosystem is to create opportunities for different fields to interact.
The centre, which closed in mid-March due to the pandemic, recently reopened with a “re-imagined visitor experience” that includes timed tickets and other safety measures. It’s not yet business as usual, but Moser encourages potential collaborators who have ideas for projects, programs, or events to get in touch.
Spark wants to help Calgary’s scientists and technologists communicate about their work in ways that people can understand and get excited about.
“Our doors are not just open – they are wide open, and we are warmly welcoming these conversations, especially with Calgary’s tech sector. We’re there to help build that future.”
Investment5 months ago
4 ways to plan for the post-pandemic normal
Technology5 months ago
Five key trends shaping the application landscape
Leadership4 months ago
The irony of industry disruption and digital transformation ROI
Investment4 months ago
Mary Anne Moser aiming to put Calgary Science Centre in global top 10
Agriculture3 months ago
Precision agriculture sowing the seeds for Canadian economic prosperity