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China speeding up approvals for new coal plants: Greenpeace



China relies heavily on coal for generating electricity, but authorities have pledged to peak carbon emissions by 2030
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China has ramped up approvals for new coal power plants this year, Greenpeace said Wednesday, with authorities trying to lower the risk of economically painful electricity shortages.

China is the world’s biggest emitter of the greenhouse gases driving global warming, and President Xi Jinping last year vowed to phase down coal use from 2026 as part of an ambitious set of national climate commitments.

But campaigners fear those targets are under threat with the government focused on economic challenges, even as the deadly impact of climate change is felt around the world.

In the first quarter of 2022, Chinese regulators gave the green light to coal plants with a total capacity of 8.63 gigawatts, according to research conducted by Greenpeace.

That is nearly half of the entire coal-fired capacity approved last year, the environmental campaigners said.

“Building more coal-fired power capacity will not provide energy security for China,” said Wu Jinghan, climate and energy campaigner with Greenpeace in Beijing.

“China has an overcapacity of coal-fired power plants. Power inadequacies originate from poor integration of generation, grid, load and storage.”

The figure for new coal plant approvals dipped in mid-2021 but rebounded later in the year as China experienced widespread power outages due to a supply crunch.

Electricity consumption has surged this summer as China suffers through an intense heatwave, with air conditioning cranked up at homes and businesses to try and keep people cool.

China relies on coal for around 60 percent of its electricity, and has asked domestic miners to increase capacity by 300 million tons this year.

The State Council, China’s cabinet, in May announced 10 billion yuan ($1.5 billion) of investment in coal power generation, as coal producers were pressured to ramp up output before the 2025 threshold. 

“An overcapacity of this one energy source is a major hurdle for energy security, as well as China’s energy transition,” Wu warned.

Skyrocketing global commodity prices in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have renewed China’s focus on energy security.

As the Chinese economy stalls under strict Covid policies and prolonged supply chain disruptions, authorities are looking to boost growth through a massive infrastructure construction push — which relies overwhelmingly on coal power.

China is the world’s biggest coal consumer and producer, and analysts worry that economic targets will derail its pledge to peak carbon emissions by 2030.

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Court battle opens in Musk, Twitter buyout fight




The court battle begins over Elon Musk's attempt to back out of his chaotic bid to buy Twitter
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The high stakes court battle between Elon Musk and Twitter kicked off on Tuesday, as the social media firm tries to force the entrepreneur to honor their $44 billion buyout deal.

The first hearing was centering on Twitter’s push to set a trial date for as early as September in a case focused on Musk’s move to walk away on allegations the platform misled him about its tally of fake accounts.

Billions of dollars are at stake, but so is the future of the platform that Musk has said should allow any legal speech, an absolutist position that has sparked fears the network could be used to incite violence.

The hearing is being held in the eastern state of Delaware.

“Questions have been raised about Twitter’s future, and they don’t want this to drag on for very long,” said Carl Tobias, a University of Richmond law professor. 

Musk’s legal team has filed papers arguing that date is far too soon for such a complex matter, and instead proposed mid-February.

Twitter lawyers noted the deal is supposed to close toward the end of October, just six months after Musk launched an unsolicited bid that the company’s board first resisted but then supported.

The world’s richest person has backed away from the deal in recent months as tech stocks have tumbled, and Twitter’s value has fallen well below the $54.20 per share he offered.

– Musk willingness to fight –

Rather than Silicon Valley, where Twitter is based, the company has lodged its lawsuit against Musk in Delaware.

The firm is incorporated in the tiny state like scores of other companies, and the case will happen in the Delaware Chancery Court that has deep experience in business disputes.

“The Chancery Court, which handles most of these matters, is very expert in corporate law, and more particularly, mergers and acquisitions. So this is the place to go,” Tobias added.

Kathaleen McCormick, the judge overseeing the case, comes with a no-nonsense reputation.

She also reportedly has the distinction of previously ordering a reluctant buyer into completing a corporate merger.

A forced closing of the Twitter deal is a scenario that some analysts consider possible.

“(Wall) Street and legal experts across the board view Twitter as having a ‘strong iron fist upper hand,’ heading into the Delaware court battle after months of this fiasco and nightmare,” analyst Dan Ives wrote last week.

He also noted that less likely options include Musk paying a $1 billion breakup fee and being able to walk away, or winning outright on his fake-account argument.

After pausing the deal in May, Musk’s lawyers announced in July he was “terminating” the agreement because of skepticism over Twitter’s false or spam accounts tally and allegations the firm was not forthcoming with details.

Tuesday’s hearing will be just the first step in what could be a lengthy legal fight that could end in a trial, but also a settlement.

“Musk has shown his willingness to take things all the way to the end in Delaware court,” said Adam Badawi, a University of California at Berkeley law professor.

“I think settling is not necessarily his instinct.”

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Uber settles US lawsuit over disabled rider ‘wait fees’




Prosecutors say that riders with disabilities wrongly charged 'wait' fees because they needed extra time to get into cars are in line for cash compensation due to a settlement negotiated to settle a Department of Justice lawsuit.
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Uber will offer several million dollars in compensation to tens of thousands of passengers with disabilities who were charged extra fees, US prosecutors said Monday.

The case brought by the US Department of Justice centered on disabled passengers allegedly being made to pay wait charges because they needed extra time to board vehicles.

Under the settlement, Uber will issue credits to more than 65,000 eligible riders that are worth double the amount of wait time fees they were ever charged, which could potentially amount to millions of dollars.

The ride-share company also agreed to pay over $1.7 million to riders who complained to Uber about the fees, and $500,000 to other impacted people.

“People with disabilities should not be made to feel like second-class citizens or punished because of their disability, which is exactly what Uber’s wait time fee policy did,” said assistant attorney general Kristen Clarke.

Uber said it was “pleased” by the settlement.

“Prior to this matter being filed we made changes so that any rider who shares that they have a disability would have wait time fees waived automatically,” the company said.

Uber charges a fee if a driver has to wait more than two minutes to pick up any passenger, but the Department of Justice said applying those fees to riders with disabilities amounts to unlawful discrimination.

Under the terms of a two-year agreement, Uber will continue to waive wait time fees for riders who need more time to board because of disabilities, and ensure refunds are easily available in event such fees are wrongly charged, prosecutors said.

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Airbus tails Boeing in Farnborough jet orders tussle




Orders for Airbus finally took off at Farnborough after a strong start from rival planemaker Boeing
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European planemaker Airbus trailed its fierce US rival Boeing in an orders battle on the second day of the Farnborough airshow on Tuesday, as southern England buckled under a record heatwave.

Airbus finally opened its orders account with a $1.1-billion order for 12 Airbus A220-300 passenger jets from Delta Airlines.

The new jets are due for delivery from 2026, and bring its total firm A220 order to 107 of the single-aisle aircraft.

However, Boeing already had the upper hand after clinching a $13.5-billion order for Boeing’s crisis-hit MAX from Delta on the first day of Farnborough on Monday.

The US carrier ordered 100 medium-haul MAX jets with an option for 30 more, and swiftly afterwards Japan’s ANA agreed to buy 20 MAX 8 jets worth $2.4 billion.

The MAX jet, which suffered two deadly crashes in 2018 and 2019, is experiencing a rush of interest at this year’s five-day Farnborough spectacle southwest of London.

Independent aviation analyst Howard Wheeldon said customers were giving the MAX a thumbs-up, at an airshow where Boeing normally saves its biggest deal for the end.

“This is a vote of confidence and a sign that they are now moving forward from the MAX crisis and in the right direction,” Wheeldon told AFP.

Boeing then won another massive boost Tuesday as investment fund 777 Partners ordered up to 66 of the MAX passenger aircraft worth a combined $8 billion.

It also sealed a $1.5-billion deal with leasing company AerCap for five more 787 Dreamliner jets.

Customers are expected to win a discount on list prices as is traditionally the case for big orders.

– Emissions –

Wheeldon sounded a note of caution over the post-Covid recovery despite growing sector-wide optimism over the outlook at the airshow.

“There will be other orders but none of this suggests that the industry itself is moving forward,” added Wheeldon.

“Ticket prices have risen steeply and aircraft are far from full. Shortage of staff and other skills continues to impact and there are no quick fixes.

“This is an industry that has been in turmoil because of Covid but also one that knows the pressures from other factors such as climate change and rising costs are not easily solved.”

Aviation analyst John Strickland said the latest edition of Farnborough — the first since 2018 — was not “flush” with orders.

But “it marks a moment of rehabilitation for Boeing”, he added.

Farnborough this year partly focuses on the themes of decarbonisation and sustainability in a sector often criticised for its impact on emissions and climate change.

The UK government has launched a new “Jet Zero” strategy and vowed that aviation emissions should not return to pre-Covid levels. 

The plan, presented by Transport Secretary Grant Shapps at Farnborough, requires UK domestic aviation and English airports to attain net zero carbon emissions by 2040.

Yet environmental campaign group Greenpeace has slammed the strategy as a short-term move that shifted responsibility away from government.

Greenpeace UK programme director Emily Armistead dismissed the plan as “vague aspirations to technological innovation”, which would fail to cut emissions in the short to medium term.

She accused the government of failing to have the courage to regulate aviation emissions.

“This isn’t a plan to do that, just a delaying tactic and a very expensive waste of time,” she added.

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