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How much high school teachers earn in every state

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Teachercertification.com calculated how much high school teachers made in each state, using data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 
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How much high school teachers earn in every state

Teacher shortages are affecting schools across the U.S. at an unprecedented scale. Nearly three-quarters of district officials and principals have said there aren’t enough applications to fill open positions, according to a survey published in July 2022 by Education Week.

To study this trend, Teachercertification.com used data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to calculate how much high school teachers made in each state. States are ranked by the percentage difference between the median annual income for high school teachers versus all occupations in the state. The ranking uses high school teachers’ actual annual salary as a tiebreaker. Data looks at secondary school teachers, excluding special education teachers and career and technical education teachers.

At a national level, high school teachers made about 30% more than the median for all occupations at nearly $62,000 per year. This data doesn’t account for differences in education or training needed for various jobs. Other BLS data shows that people with a bachelor’s degree earn about 23% more than the median for all occupations, and those with a master’s degree earn about 39% more.

Keep reading to learn more about the salaries of high school teachers across the U.S., the need for teachers in each state, and more.

Eastern High School in Washington, D.C

STUDIO MELANGE // Shutterstock

#51. Washington D.C.

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 3% lower than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $77,570 per year
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 4 teachers

Washington D.C.’s schools were already experiencing issues well before the COVID-19 pandemic, with teachers complaining about a punitive evaluation system, brutal working hours, and high turnover rates. The city is expected to experience a teacher turnover that’s higher than most states, according to a recent study from WalletHub, and its teachers already receive some of the worst pay in the country, taking into account the local cost of living.

School classroom with school desks and blackboard

maroke // Shutterstock

#50. North Dakota

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 6% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,730
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

North Dakota’s teacher shortages span virtually all subject areas. Some schools lack science, math, and English teachers, according to the North Dakota Association of Colleges for Teacher Education President Stacy Duffield, who has a doctorate in education.

Female teacher in front of classroom

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#49. Missouri

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 21% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $47,310
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

The number of Missouri high school teachers in May 2021 was 24,080. In Missouri, the starting salary for teachers is around $25,000 a year, among the lowest in the U.S., and the average attrition rate in the state has been 11% for the last six years.

Empty high school classroom

WoodysPhotos // Shutterstock

#48. Arizona

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 22% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,280
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

Arizona has been experiencing severe teacher shortages across the board. Here, the average salary for a starting teacher is $40,554, which is lower than the U.S. average. A projected 2,600 teaching positions were still unfilled by mid-September, well into the start of the 2022 school year.

Denver's historic North High School

Ted Alexander Somerville // Shutterstock

#47. Colorado

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 23% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,670
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

Over the next five years, the University of Colorado Denver will utilize about $7 million in federal grant money for the expansion of a teacher preparation model for Colorado’s rural communities. The federal government has applauded this effort, touting it as an emerging program that’s getting results when it comes to addressing teacher shortages.

Male high school teacher standing at whiteboard

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#46. South Dakota

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 24% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $48,100
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

At the beginning of the 2022-2023 academic school year, this state was experiencing a teacher shortage, with 300 open teaching positions. Shortages include certified positions and non-certified staff such as paraprofessionals.

Teacher standing above a group of sitting students

Rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#45. Montana

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 24% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $48,650
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

Because of the rising cost of living in the state and teacher pay remaining much lower than the U.S. average, Montana has been experiencing both teacher retention and recruitment challenges. However, the state has been working to remedy this problem with the passing of the TEACH Act, which aims to incentivize schools to increase their starting teacher salaries.

A notebook, pens, books and glasses on table and students in background

AimPix // Shutterstock

#44. North Carolina

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 24% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $48,670
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

At the start of the 2022-2023 academic year, North Carolina faced a teacher shortage. The best estimate of teaching vacancies was 4,400 for this fall, according to a survey that the North Carolina Superintendents Association carried out, with 98 superintendents out of 115 responding to the survey in August.

Group of students and teacher

Ground Picture // Shutterstock

#43. Indiana

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 24% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $48,940
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

Indiana had 1,572 open teaching positions as of Sept. 1, 2022. Additionally, as of the same date, the number of vacant student support staff, office staff, or school leadership positions was 1,174.

Teacher with book and students in the background

AimPix // Shutterstock

#42. Minnesota

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 25% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,220
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

Schools in Minnesota are currently at a breaking point. According to a paper released by Education Minnesota, many teachers are feeling that since the pandemic began, the Minnesota education system has been underfunded and ignored.

South Burlington High School in Vermont

Bob LoCicero // Shutterstock

#41. Vermont

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 26% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,130
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

There are shortages in administrators and teachers in Vermont, but these numbers aren’t as high in areas like special educators, paraeducators, and substitutes. The approximate numbers of need for Vermont schools are 490 for substitutes, 485 for instructional support, 245 for special education, 122 for facilities, 115 for teachers, 82 for nurses, 55 for administrators (including superintendents, principals, and other leaders of education programs), and 22 for music.

Teacher assisting students on computers

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#40. Hawaii

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 26% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $62,060
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: no data available

In the 2021-2022 academic year, only 51% of public school teachers who had been working for five years in Hawaii were still employed. In an effort to remediate the chronic teacher shortage problem in the state, since January 2020, Hawaii’s Department of Education has been compensating teachers in specific situations and roles with shortage differentials.

Science classroom with desks, tables, lab area, and biology models

B Brown // Shutterstock

#39. Kansas

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 27% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $50,150
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

At the beginning of the 2022-2023 academic year, Kansas faced a teacher shortage that was building for years. In March 2022, the number of teacher vacancies in Kansas was around 1,400.

High school student giving a presentation in class

Daniel Hoz // Shutterstock

#38. New Hampshire

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 27% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,820
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

The number of high school teachers in New Hampshire in May 2021 was 4,830. Like other states, New Hampshire experienced a teacher shortage at the start of this school year.

Empty high school classroom

milatas // Shutterstock

#37. Arkansas

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $48,650
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 10

Because of the teacher shortage in Arkansas, teachers, students, and supporters went to the state capitol when Arkansas Democrats were in a special legislative session to raise teacher salaries. The plan was to create a $42,000 minimum teacher salary and a raise of $4,000 to Arkansas teacher salaries. However, this bill died in the House.

Exterior of brick high school

digidreamgrafix // Shutterstock

#36. Idaho

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,550
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 10

Linda Clark, a member of the state’s board of education, said in June 2022 that schools in Idaho were facing an unprecedented, systemwide teacher hiring “crisis.” While Idaho public schools have historically struggled with finding special education, science, and math teachers, the same is now true when it comes to trying to hire elementary school teachers as well.

Students watching older male teacher

dotshock // Shutterstock

#35. Louisiana

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,710
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

In Louisiana, the number of high school teachers in May 2021 was 15,600. But according to Cade Brumley, the Louisiana state superintendent of education, the state was still short 2,520 teachers as of late September 2022.

Teacher and students in science classroom

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#34. Oklahoma

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,730
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 11

In Oklahoma, there was a school staffing crisis well before the COVID-19 pandemic. This has been due to various reasons, including less interest in the profession of teaching, school spending cuts, and low teacher pay.

Busy high school hallway

Matty Symons // Shutterstock

#33. Tennessee

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $50,130
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

Some of this state’s school districts barely have any certified teachers in their classrooms. In some Tennessee schools, teacher assistants, substitutes, and teachers who have free time are teaching students in a revolving team. In the 2019-2020 academic year, 24% of Tennessee’s student population was made up of Black students and only 11% of the state’s teachers were Black.

Teacher helping student with work

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#32. Wyoming

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,900
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

In May 2021, the number of high school teachers in Wyoming was 1,840. In recent years, Wyoming teachers have experienced stress that has been heightened by mask debates, COVID-19 tracking failures, and substitute shortages, which put teachers in a position where they had to work overtime.

Lockport Township High School

Nagel Photography // Shutterstock

#31. Illinois

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 28% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,680
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

Illinois, like other states, saw a teacher shortage near the beginning of the 2022-2023 school year. When it came to Chicago area districts, superintendents said that there weren’t enough qualified people who were applying for open positions—with most of these open positions being for dual-language, bilingual, and special education teachers.

Teacher and students working by computers

DGLimages // Shutterstock

#30. Mississippi

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 30% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $47,350
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 12

Mississippi deals with many of the same issues states in the South are experiencing in education. Along with Alabama, Florida, and New Mexico, Mississippi has attempted to preempt or address shortages over the last couple of years by raising the salaries of teachers.

Front view of classroom desks

panitanphoto // Shutterstock

#29. West Virginia

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 30% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $49,850
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

West Virginia faced an intense teacher shortage at the beginning of the academic year. In 2021, the number of teacher vacancies in this state was 1,200, according to the West Virginia Department of Education.

Art teacher helping student

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#28. Wisconsin

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 30% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,900
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

Only weeks before the 2022-2023 academic school year, some of Wisconsin’s districts were struggling to fill many school staff positions. Regular teaching jobs were very low due to the pandemic as well as less interest in the teaching profession—but when it came to specialized classes such as home economics, tech education, and music, applications were essentially nonexistent.

Wide angle of a classroom full of students

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#27. Michigan

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 30% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,980
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 5

Even before the pandemic, school administrators in the state of Michigan were struggling to hire and retain teachers. Additionally, while shortages used to occur mostly in areas like science and math, shortages are now occurring in fields that used to experience a high number of applicants, like social studies and elementary school.

South Boston High School in Massachusetts

Education Images // Getty Images

#26. Massachusetts

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 30% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $79,120
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

The number of high school teachers in Massachusetts in May 2021 was 24,900. When a check of the education jobs website SchoolSpring was done on Oct. 7, 2022, the number of classroom teaching jobs still available in the state was 4,383.

Social Studies teacher talks to sophomores

Portland Press Herald // Getty Images

#25. Maine

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 33% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $59,970
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

School districts across the state are struggling to fill staff in many departments, although administrators are concerned the most about vacant support and teaching positions. There are many reasons why positions remain unfilled, including a lack of affordable housing availability.

Teacher at front of classroom

Drazen Zigic // Shutterstock

#24. Iowa

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 42% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $59,820
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

In May 2021, the number of high school teachers in Iowa was 11,080. Iowa is experiencing a shortage in K-12 education positions like substitutes, bus drivers, and paraeducators.

Up angle of school classroom with school desks and blackboard

maroke // Shutterstock

#23. Delaware

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 43% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $72,600
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 10

Around the beginning of the 2022-2023 school year, this state was facing a teacher shortage. To tackle this problem, Delaware leaders passed House Bill 315, which would provide funding for the hiring of substitute teachers who will teach temporarily in schools with higher needs. It would also implement the creation of professional development programs.

High angle of teacher and his students working on a poster

Pressmaster // Shutterstock

#22. Virginia

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 43% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $73,110
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

Near the start of the 2022-2023 school year, Virginia was experiencing a teacher shortage. During the previous academic year, the number of vacant full-time teaching positions was 2,593.

Teacher lecturing at students behind computers

AlessandroBiascioli // Shutterstock

#21. Alabama

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 44% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $58,310
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

Looking for a teaching job? Alabama has plenty. In the last several years, Alabama has attempted to preempt or address shortages by raising the salaries of teachers.

Group of students learning in classroom

Rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#20. South Carolina

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 44% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $58,510
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

South Carolina has long had a problem with finding enough teachers. In one county in the state, $10,000 signing bonuses are being offered to new teachers as a creative way of addressing this year’s teacher shortage.

Teacher handing out papers to students

Ground Picture // Shutterstock

#19. Utah

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 44% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,810
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

According to a 2021 teacher retention performance audit of the public education system in Utah, it’s expected that schools will have a teacher shortage of nearly 200,000 teachers by the year 2025. Perhaps even worse, many districts in the state may not be able to retain their teachers for more than five years.

Teacher and her students using laptop during computer class in high school

Drazen Zigic // Shutterstock

#18. Nebraska

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 44% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,900
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

Recent legislation has been passed to mitigate Nebraska’s teacher shortage problem. The state is providing some loan forgiveness to student teachers and loosening the restrictions in place regarding teachers’ ability to move to Nebraska from another state.

Sam Raeburn High School

Patrish Jackson // Shutterstock

#17. Texas

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 44% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,060
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

School districts in the state had to use creative strategies to attract talent, such as changing to four-day workweeks and approving significant increases in pay. Additionally, according to a recent online survey of Texas K-12 teachers, most teachers had “seriously considered” abandoning the profession of teaching in 2022, which demonstrates a 19% increase in this sentiment compared to two years ago.

Group of students using laptop during computer lesson

Rido // Shutterstock

#16. Alaska

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 45% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $77,540
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

Alaska has historically relied on recruiting its teachers from the contiguous states. According to the website of Alaska Teacher Placement, the number of jobs that were open in Alaska school districts as of July 2022 was 1,100. This included a variety of positions such as speech pathologists, counselors, language teachers, sports coaches, support staff, paraeducators, special education staff, and principals.

High school teacher with students in a biology class

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#15. Kentucky

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 46% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,040
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

In Kentucky, the number of high school teachers in May 2021 was 11,790. According to the Kentucky Department of Education, the percentage of current teachers who are at risk of quitting their jobs in the near future is 72%.

View of typical American school building exterior

littlenySTOCK // Shutterstock

#14. New Mexico

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 46% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,150
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

New Mexico has been cited as an example of a state that has provided solutions that help in bringing teachers back to classrooms, such as permitting retired teachers to be substitute teachers, increasing school bus driver and teacher salaries, and asking that a paperwork committee help teachers with their paperwork. New Mexico also made it easier for new teachers by allowing those applying to teaching jobs to provide a portfolio instead of subject skills tests to demonstrate their teaching competency. The condensed four-day school week is also common in this state.

Group of students in science classroom

Rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#13. Maryland

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 46% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $77,360
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 7

According to the Maryland board of education, the number of teachers who left in 2022 was 5,516, with the majority resigning voluntarily. To attract more teachers, Maryland has offered teachers who were national board certified a pay bump of $17,000, and support for professional development credits that went toward the renewal of their educator certificate.

Rear view of teacher at front of the classroom

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#12. Connecticut

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 46% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $78,100
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 10

According to Donald Williams, the executive director of the Connecticut Education Association, the percentage of teachers leaving is as high as 20% in some districts. Connecticut has eased some of its regulations, such as allowing educators from a variety of states with valid, active certificates to quickly apply for and obtain a Connecticut certification.

Teacher with group of students working on digital tablet

goodluz // Shutterstock

#11. Washington

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 46% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $80,740
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 4

Washington, like others on this list, faced a teacher shortage just before the start of the 2022-2023 school year. The district of Seattle Public Schools had 121 openings at the beginning of August 2022. Between April 2022 and August 2022, 606 teachers left their jobs as a result of transfers, funding changes, retirements, and resignations.

Science teacher Virginia Escobar-Cheng works with her students in a science class

RHONA WISE // Getty Images

#10. Florida

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 47% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $60,940
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

Florida is experiencing a shortage of paraprofessionals, bus drivers, and other support staff. To deal with this problem, Florida has given temporary teaching certificates to untrained teachers and raised teacher pay.

Midsection of teenage classmates writing in book at desk

Tyler Olson // Shutterstock

#9. Georgia

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 47% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $61,640
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 5

In Georgia, retirement rates for teachers have continued to outpace new trainee applications, and as a result, some districts in Georgia have increased incentives and pay to deal with shortages. Georgia has also made it possible for retired teachers to teach in the classroom again while keeping their pension benefits.

Teacher with students building robot

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#8. Oregon

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 47% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $76,090
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 4

Oregon dealt with employment problems by giving teachers emergency licenses. There were 438 emergency licensed teachers employed by school districts in the state, an increase from 181 the year before.

Busy and blurred high school hallway

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#7. Rhode Island

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 47% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $76,880
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 11

Experts say Rhode Island’s teacher pipeline is diminishing as fewer people aspire to become teachers. Only 478 completed their teacher training and 395 were certified in the state in 2021-2022, compared to 748 having completed their training and 600 being certified in 2017-2018.

Exterior view of an old brick high school in Phillipsburg, New Jersey

Cynthia Farmer // Shutterstock

#6. New Jersey

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 47% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $78,070
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 8

New Jersey had many teachers leave as a result of pandemic-related retirements, burnout, and an aging teacher population. But the state is relaxing requirements for teacher certification. Newark, the state’s largest city, has announced that it will be offering higher base salaries, signing bonuses for teachers of subject areas that have had long-term vacancies, and referral bonuses to staff.

Female high school teacher standing teaching a lesson

Monkey Business Images // Shutterstock

#5. Nevada

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 51% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $63,730
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 4

Near the start of the 2022-2023 academic year, Nevada faced a teacher shortage, with thousands of teaching jobs left vacant, according to officials. Some Nevada school districts addressed this problem by offering teachers retention bonuses, as well as offering relocation bonuses to teachers who moved from another state or more than 100 miles away.

Close up of book and teacher with student

Freedomz // Shutterstock

#4. Pennsylvania

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 52% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $76,290
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 10

Pennsylvania lifted restrictions so that teachers who have licenses from other states can teach there. Chris Lilienthal, assistant director of the Pennsylvania State Education Association, said that the three leading factors of shortages are burnout, benefits, and pay.

Students with their hands up responding to their teacher

Rawpixel.com // Shutterstock

#3. Ohio

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 62% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $75,330
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 11

In Ohio, the number of high school teachers in May 2021 was 58,040. One of the reasons for Ohio’s shortage is young people being less interested in pursuing teaching as a career. Enrollment in programs for teacher preparation in the state fell by almost 50% from 2010 to 2018.

Outside view of Massapequa High School on Long Island

Newsday LLC // Getty Images

#2. New York

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 66% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $97,340
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 9

Rural, poor districts in New York often did not have strong teacher candidates for any subject, as well as a lack of special education and bilingual teachers. According to a report released by the Office of the New York State Comptroller in February 2022, nearly 2,000 teachers had left public schools in New York City during the pandemic.

High school students and teacher with laptop

Halfpoint // Shutterstock

#1. California

– Median high school teacher salary vs. all occupations: 67% higher than overall
– Median salary for high school teachers: $96,390
– High school teachers employed per 1,000 jobs: 6

California schools in wealthy neighborhoods often saw less teacher turnover, while a large number of districts in the state that serve many high-needs students experienced severe teacher shortages. California has addressed the teacher shortage by allowing teaching candidates that have taken certain approved college courses to skip subject matter and basic skills tests.

This story originally appeared on Teachercertification.com and was produced and
distributed in partnership with Stacker Studio.

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Import costs in these industries are keeping prices high

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Machinery Partner used Bureau of Labor Statistics data to identify the soaring import costs that have translated to higher costs for Americans.  
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Inflation has cooled substantially, but Americans are still feeling the strain of sky-high prices. Consumers have to spend more on the same products, from the grocery store to the gas pump, than ever before.

Increased import costs are part of the problem. The U.S. is the largest goods importer in the world, bringing in $3.2 trillion in 2022. Import costs rose dramatically in 2021 and 2022 due to shipping constraints, world events, and other supply chain interruptions and cost pressures. At the June 2022 peak, import costs for all commodities were up 18.6% compared to January 2020.

While import costs have since fallen most months—helping to lower inflation—they remain nearly 12% above what they were in 2020. And beginning in 2024, import costs began to rise again, with January seeing the highest one-month increase since March 2022.

Machinery Partner used Bureau of Labor Statistics data to identify the soaring import costs that have translated to higher costs for Americans. Imports in a few industries have had an outsized impact, helping drive some of the overall spikes. Crop production, primary metal manufacturing, petroleum and coal product manufacturing, and oil and gas extraction were the worst offenders, with costs for each industry remaining at least 20% above 2020.


A multiline chart showing the change in import costs in four major product industries.

Machinery Partner

Imports related to crops, oil, and metals are keeping costs up

At the mid-2022 peak, import costs related to oil, gas, petroleum, and coal products had the highest increases, doubling their pre-pandemic costs. Oil prices went up globally as leaders anticipated supply disruptions from the conflict in Ukraine. The U.S. and other allied countries put limits on Russian revenues from oil sales through a price cap of oil, gas, and coal from the country, which was enacted in 2022.

This activity around the world’s second-largest oil producer pushed prices up throughout the market and intensified fluctuations in crude oil prices. Previously, the U.S. had imported hundreds of thousands of oil barrels from Russia per day, making the country a leading source of U.S. oil. In turn, the ban affected costs in the U.S. beyond what occurred in the global economy.

Americans felt this at the pump—with gasoline prices surging 60% for consumers year-over-year in June 2022 and remaining elevated to this day—but also throughout the economy, as the entire supply chain has dealt with higher gas, oil, and coal prices.

Some of the pressure from petroleum and oil has shifted to new industries: crop production and primary metal manufacturing. In each of these sectors, import costs in January were up about 40% from 2020.

Primary metal manufacturing experienced record import price growth in 2021, which continued into early 2022. The subsequent monthly and yearly drops have not been substantial enough to bring costs down to pre-COVID levels. Bureau of Labor Statistics reporting shows that increasing alumina and aluminum production prices had the most significant influence on primary metal import prices. Aluminum is widely used in consumer products, from cars and parts to canned beverages, which in turn inflated rapidly.

Aluminum was in short supply in early 2022 after high energy costs—i.e., gas—led to production cuts in Europe, driving aluminum prices to a 13-year high. The U.S. also imposes tariffs on aluminum imports, which were implemented in 2018 to cut down on overcapacity and promote U.S. aluminum production. Suppliers, including Canada, Mexico, and European Union countries, have exemptions, but the tax still adds cost to imports.

U.S. agricultural imports have expanded in recent decades, with most products coming from Canada, Mexico, the EU, and South America. Common agricultural imports include fruits and vegetables—especially those that are tropical or out-of-season—as well as nuts, coffee, spices, and beverages. Turmoil with Russia was again a large contributor to cost increases in agricultural trade, alongside extreme weather events and disruptions in the supply chain. Americans felt these price hikes directly at the grocery store.

The U.S. imports significantly more than it exports, and added costs to those imports are felt far beyond its ports. If import prices continue to rise, overall inflation would likely follow, pushing already high prices even further for American consumers.

Story editing by Shannon Luders-Manuel. Copy editing by Kristen Wegrzyn.

This story originally appeared on Machinery Partner and was produced and
distributed in partnership with Stacker Studio.

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The states where people pay the most in car insurance premiums

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Cheap Insurance compiled a ranking of the states where people pay the most in full-coverage car insurance premiums using MarketWatch data.
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Nearly every state requires drivers to carry car insurance, but the laws vary, and many factors affect the cost of coverage.

Some are controllable, at least to degrees: the type of car you have and your credit history. Some are not: your age and gender. Your marital status, place of residence, and claims history are among the other variables that go into it.

Across the United States, premiums are soaring, rising 20% year over year and increasing six times faster than consumer prices overall as of December 2023, CBS reported. Last September, CNN noted that car insurance rates jumped more in the previous year than they had since 1976.

CBS pointed to many potential reasons for these increases in prices. Coronavirus pandemic-era issues have made buying, fixing, and replacing vehicles costlier. Extreme weather events caused by climate change also damage more vehicles, while insurance companies are increasing their business costs. Severe and more frequent crashes are to blame as well, CNN reported.

On top of these, local factors such as population density, the number of uninsured drivers, and the frequency of insurance claims all affect premiums, which can lead motorists to change or switch their coverage, use other modes of transportation, or even alter decisions about when to buy a vehicle or what to look for.

To see how geography affects cost, Cheap Insurance mapped the states where people pay the most in car insurance premiums using MarketWatch data. Premium estimates were based on full-coverage car insurance for a 35-year-old driver with good credit and a clean driving record. Data accurate as of February 2024.


A heat map showing full-coverage car insurance premiums across the US

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Americans pay $167 per month on average for full-coverage insurance

There are common denominators among the five states where it’s most expensive to have car insurance: Michigan, Florida, Louisiana, Nevada, and Kentucky. Washington D.C. is another pricey locale, ranking #4 overall.

Three of these six are no-fault jurisdictions and require additional coverage beyond coverage to pay for medical costs. Michigan notably calls for $250,000 in personal injury protection (though people with Medicaid and Medicare may qualify for lower limits), $1 million in personal property insurance for damage done by your car in Michigan, and residual bodily injury and property damage liability that starts at $250,000 for a person harmed in an accident.

Other commonalities between these states include high urban population densities. At least 9 in 10 people in Nevada, Florida, and Washington D.C. live in cities and urban areas, which leads to more crashes and thefts and high rates of uninsured drivers and lawsuits. Additionally, Louisiana, Florida, and Kentucky rank #5, #8, and #10, respectively, in motor vehicle crash deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 2021 based on Department of Transportation data analyzed by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.

A highway in Louisville.

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#5. Kentucky

– Monthly full-coverage insurance: $210
– Monthly liability insurance: $57

A car driving through the desert and mountain scenery in Nevada.

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#4. Nevada

– Monthly full-coverage insurance: $232
– Monthly liability insurance: $107

Cars parked on a street in New Orleans.

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#3. Louisiana

– Monthly full-coverage insurance: $253
– Monthly liability insurance: $77

A bridge over turquoise water.

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#2. Florida

– Monthly full-coverage insurance: $270
– Monthly liability insurance: $115

A truck on a highway surrounded by Fall foliage.

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#1. Michigan

– Monthly full-coverage insurance: $304
– Monthly liability insurance: $113

Story editing by Carren Jao. Copy editing by Paris Close. Photo selection by Lacy Kerrick.

This story originally appeared on Cheap Insurance and was produced and
distributed in partnership with Stacker Studio.

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How businesses can protect themselves from the rising threat of deepfakes

Dive into the world of deepfakes and explore the risks, strategies and insights to fortify your organization’s defences

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In Billy Joel’s latest video for the just-released song Turn the Lights Back On, it features him in several deepfakes, singing the tune as himself, but decades younger. The technology has advanced to the extent that it’s difficult to distinguish between that of a fake 30-year-old Joel, and the real 75-year-old today.

This is where tech is being used for good. But when it’s used with bad intent, it can spell disaster. In mid-February, a report showed a clerk at a Hong Kong multinational who was hoodwinked by a deepfake impersonating senior executives in a video, resulting in a $35 million theft.

Deepfake technology, a form of artificial intelligence (AI), is capable of creating highly realistic fake videos, images, or audio recordings. In just a few years, these digital manipulations have become so sophisticated that they can convincingly depict people saying or doing things that they never actually did. In little time, the tech will become readily available to the layperson, who’ll require few programming skills.

Legislators are taking note

In the US, the Federal Trade Commission proposed a ban on those who impersonate others using deepfakes — the greatest concern being how it can be used to fool consumers. The Feb. 16 ban further noted that an increasing number of complaints have been filed from “impersonation-based fraud.”

A Financial Post article outlined that Ontario’s information and privacy commissioner, Patricia Kosseim, says she feels “a sense of urgency” to act on artificial intelligence as the technology improves. “Malicious actors have found ways to synthetically mimic executive’s voices down to their exact tone and accent, duping employees into thinking their boss is asking them to transfer funds to a perpetrator’s account,” the report said. Ontario’s Trustworthy Artificial Intelligence Framework, for which she consults, aims to set guides on the public sector use of AI.

In a recent Microsoft blog, the company stated their plan is to work with the tech industry and government to foster a safer digital ecosystem and tackle the challenges posed by AI abuse collectively. The company also said it’s already taking preventative steps, such as “ongoing red team analysis, preemptive classifiers, the blocking of abusive prompts, automated testing, and rapid bans of users who abuse the system” as well as using watermarks and metadata.

That prevention will also include enhancing public understanding of the risks associated with deepfakes and how to distinguish between legitimate and manipulated content.

Cybercriminals are also using deepfakes to apply for remote jobs. The scam starts by posting fake job listings to collect information from the candidates, then uses deepfake video technology during remote interviews to steal data or unleash ransomware. More than 16,000 people reported that they were victims of this scam to the FBI in 2020. In the US, this kind of fraud has resulted in a loss of more than $3 billion USD. Where possible, they recommend job interviews should be in person to avoid these threats.

Catching fakes in the workplace

There are detector programs, but they’re not flawless. 

When engineers at the Canadian company Dessa first tested a deepfake detector that was built using Google’s synthetic videos, they found it failed more than 40% of the time. The Seattle Times noted that the problem in question was eventually fixed, and it comes down to the fact that “a detector is only as good as the data used to train it.” But, because the tech is advancing so rapidly, detection will require constant reinvention.

There are other detection services, often tracing blood flow in the face, or errant eye movements, but these might lose steam once the hackers figure out what sends up red flags.

“As deepfake technology becomes more widespread and accessible, it will become increasingly difficult to trust the authenticity of digital content,” noted Javed Khan, owner of Ontario-based marketing firm EMpression. He said a focus of the business is to monitor upcoming trends in tech and share the ideas in a simple way to entrepreneurs and small business owners.

To preempt deepfake problems in the workplace, he recommended regular training sessions for employees. A good starting point, he said, would be to test them on MIT’s eight ways the layperson can try to discern a deepfake on their own, ranging from unusual blinking, smooth skin, and lighting.

Businesses should proactively communicate through newsletters, social media posts, industry forums, and workshops, about the risks associated with deepfake manipulation, he told DX Journal, to “stay updated on emerging threats and best practices.”

To keep ahead of any possible attacks, he said companies should establish protocols for “responding swiftly” to potential deepfake attacks, including issuing public statements or corrective actions.

How can a deepfake attack impact business?

The potential to malign a company’s reputation with a single deepfake should not be underestimated.

“Deepfakes could be racist. It could be sexist. It doesn’t matter — by the time it gets known that it’s fake, the damage could be already done. And this is the problem,” said Alan Smithson, co-founder of Mississauga-based MetaVRse and investor at Your Director AI.

“Building a brand is hard, and then it can be destroyed in a second,” Smithson told DX Journal. “The technology is getting so good, so cheap, so fast, that the power of this is in everybody’s hands now.”

One of the possible solutions is for businesses to have a code word when communicating over video as a way to determine who’s real and who’s not. But Smithson cautioned that the word shouldn’t be shared around cell phones or computers because “we don’t know what devices are listening to us.”

He said governments and companies will need to employ blockchain or watermarks to identify fraudulent messages. “Otherwise, this is gonna get crazy,” he added, noting that Sora — the new AI text to video program — is “mind-blowingly good” and in another two years could be “indistinguishable from anything we create as humans.”

“Maybe the governments will step in and punish them harshly enough that it will just be so unreasonable to use these technologies for bad,” he continued. And yet, he lamented that many foreign actors in enemy countries would not be deterred by one country’s law. It’s one downside he said will always be a sticking point.

It would appear that for now, two defence mechanisms are the saving grace to the growing threat posed by deepfakes: legal and regulatory responses, and continuous vigilance and adaptation to mitigate risks. The question remains, however, whether safety will keep up with the speed of innovation.

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